Element Building – Concrete Statics





Offered by

Civil Engineering




Prerequisites For exchange/transfer students:
General admission requirements and basic knowledge about structural design and design of concrete beams, which includes as minimum
• Global stability in buildings.
• Statical analysis and the connection between structures and static calculations.
• Basic static for beams, columns and walls
• Basic knowledge about concrete, which materials concrete contains (cement, aggregates, chemicals, etc.)
• Being able to calculate a concrete beam regarding; shear force, bending moment and deflection in according to EuroCode 2

Main purpose

The purpose is to obtain knowledge about statics used for prefabricated concrete element building with the goal of implementing the design of concrete element buildings.


After completion of the course, the student must:
– have knowledge about statics used for prefabricated concrete element building with the goal of implementing the design of concrete element buildings.
– Obtain knowledge on commonly used joints.


After the completion of the course, the student must:
–  Be able to complete a building structural model  comprehend the corresponding calculation model.
– Be able to determine the horizontal transfer of forces to walls in a statically determinate and a statically indeterminate wall structure, using elastic or plastic distribution of forces.
– Be able to understand and use the effective design concrete compressive strength used in plastic design of concrete structures
– Be able to explain the principles of the strut and tie model and to solve simple tasks using it.
– Be able to use the Stringer method in the calculation of walls and diaphragms.
– Be able to complete stability calculations of walls both for one storey buildings and multiple storey buildings.
– Be able to calculate the strength of shear walls (Strut and tie model, the Stringer method and vertical load bearing resistance).
– Gain an understanding of casting joints and be able to calculate these in accordance to DS/EN 1992-1-1.
– Be able to calculate some of the commonly used joints.


After completion of the course, the student must be able to use knowledge and skill within all subject areas to plan and make relevant choices of techniques and theories in order to solve structural design project.



Teaching methods and study activities

The course is scheduled for 14 weeks with 4 lectures each week. Workload for the students corresponds to 138-hour.
Activities vary between theoretical lectures, self-studies, consultation periods in connection to the work with assignments and students presentation of assignments.
Student Activity Model
Category 1: 35%, ~ 48 hours:.(Participation of lecturer and students, Initiated by the lecturer): Lessons, scheduled, Excursions, Project guidance, Laboratory work, Exams and tests
Category 2: 65% ~ 90 hours: (Participation of students, Initiated by the lecturer): Assignments, self-study, Project and group work, Homework and preparation for exams, Evaluation of the teaching


–  Building Calculations”: Translated extracts from “ Bjarne Chr. Jensen og Svend Ole Hansen, Bygningsberegninger, Nyt Teknisk Forlag, 1. udgave 2010” , Special edition in co-operation with Nyt Teknisk Forlag
–  Bjarne Chr. Jensen, Concrete structures in accordance with DS/EN 1992-1-1 - translated extract from Bjarne Chr. Jensen, Betonkonstruktioner efter DS/EN1992-1-1. Special edition in co-operation between VIA University College and Nyt Teknisk Forlag. (Danish students can use the Danish version)
– Translated extracts from “Betonelementbyggeriers statik”, Polyteknisk Forlag, 2010. Betonelementforeningen
– DS/EN 1992-1-1 Design of concrete structures. Part 1-1. General rules and rules for buildings
– Danish National annex: EN 1992-1-1 DK NA:2007_eng - Part 1-1
– Addendum 2 to EN1992-1-1 DK NA: 2007. 2nd edition
– Supplementary lecture notes  for the semester on the internal network for the course.

Results from national and international research and development works will be used.




In order to register for exam, ALL course assignments must be handed in on WiseFlow during the semester.
At least 80% of the assignments must be handed in before a given deadline in order to register for the exam.
Type of examination:
Oral Exam with an external examiner.
25 minutes per student in total incl. grading.
The exam will be based on course assignments solved and handed in to given deadlines during the semester.
The student must bring all the assignments on paper for the exam.
There is no preparation time before the exam. 
On the exam day, there will be a draw between the subjects covered by the course assignments. Several course assignment may enter into the drawn subject.
Evaluation is performed as an oral examination using the same method as the ordinary exam.

Grading criteria

Grading based on the Danish 7-point scale.
Examinations account for 100% of final grade.

Additional information

The following prerequisites for exchange and transfer students are mandatory and should be obtained from your previous study in order to choose ELM course.


The following checklist shows the subjects /prerequisites – and also the courses at VIA, which cover these subjects. These courses however are not open for exchange students or transfer students.


Mathematical analysis (SCI 2)
• Differentiation
• Trigonometric functions
• Integration
• Vectors in space 


Geometry and Linear Algebra (SCI 3)
• Applied integration
• First moment of area
• Second moment of area (Inertia-) 

Elastic analysis, resistance and deformations (SCI 4)
• Structural design of steel (and timber) beams:
• Cross-sectional parameters
• Stresses: Tension, Bendinge, Biaxial bending, combined stresses,
• Shear
• Torsion
• Calculation of deformations
• Euler Columns
• Centrally loaded columns

Material science of concrete and basic design of concrete structures (CON1)
• Cement and concrete aggregates
• Durability of concrete
• Design in the ultimate limit state of concrete beams for bending, axial force and shear.
• Calculation of beam abutments.

Concrete structures and materials (CON 2)
• Curtailment of reinforcement
• Calculation of beams in the serviceability limit state (deflections and cracks)
• Design of columns and walls in the ultimate limit state.
• Plastic calculations of continuous reinforced concrete beams.
• Design of slabs in ULS and SLS using lower bound solutions (e.g. the strip method)

Computer Aided structural analysis (CSA 1)
• Statical modelling
• Statical determinacy/indeterminacy
• Introduction to static analysis of beams and frames 


Ivan Nielsen

Valid from

8/1/2019 12:00:00 AM

Course type

Structural Design


Wall structures, In-plane stress conditions, strut and tie model, stringer method, walls, diaphragms, joints, robustness