Sludge Management





Offered by

Supply Engineering




Main purpose

  • To create an understanding of the sludge management techniques and their origin.
  • Through information retrieval, discussions, presentations and laboratory exercises to provide the student with knowledge in and hands-on experience with current topics related to sludge management.


  • Concepts and assessment methods involved in providing basic understanding of sludge management techniques and their application in relation to kind of sludge and its origin 
  • Usage and application of basic laboratory equipment
  • Possible methods for characterization of sludge quality and their application
  • Ability to find dependency between analytical results (sludge composition) and sludge management techniques
  • Quality criteria definitions for possible management technique


  • Standards for sludge characterization
  • Analytical methods in indication of sludge properties
  • Principles and application of characterization methods
  • Sludge management techniques for different kinds and origins of the sludge
  • Quality criteria (Danish/ European regulations and legislations)
  • Experimental reports and literature retrieval related to sludge management techniques


  • Characterize different sludge sources with respect to physical, chemical and microbiological parameters
  • Obtain and evaluate empirical data from laboratory experiments
  • Report results from laboratory analyses
  • Create, compare and evaluate the feasibility of different sludge management techniques based on sludge origin.
  • Analyze a situation with inefficient sludge management technique and find way of improving existing management method, including how to collect data and select the appropriate analyses, etc.


  • Describe various aspects of sludge sources and its quality (physical, chemical and microbiological)
  • Understand principles of sludge sampling and analysis
  • Be able to apply principles of sludge analyses (physical, chemical and microbiological) by laboratory analyses
  • Analyze results of lab experiments, discuss the results and relate the results to the scientific papers and other literature used in the course
  • Have basic knowledge of quality criteria (Danish/European sludge management legislation, and supplemental parameters)
  • Have a knowledge about different sludge management techniques and be able to define principles of their application

Teaching methods and study activities

Lectures followed up by assignments, individual information retrieval, laboratory work, data analysis, report writing, discussions in groups assisted by the lecturer, presentations, self-study, homework assignments.
137,5 hours of work for the student.


Glab. A. 2018. Compendium of laboratory protocols for sludge analyses.
Metcalf & Eddy, 2014. Wastewater Engineering Treatment and Reuse, Chapters: 7, 8, 13, 14 and 16
Andreoli C. V, von Sperling M. and Fernandes F. 2007. Biological Wastewater Treatment Series. Volume 6: Sludge Treatment and Disposal



Exam prerequisites:

Type of exam:
Ongoing tests in the form of four experimental reports and a final exam in the form of a presentation. All five are weighing equally. All reports must be handed in before deadline. 
Internal assessment

Tools allowed:
All tools allowed

Equal to the ordinary exam.(Based on new assignments).

Grading criteria

​Grading based on the Danish 7 point scale.

Additional information


Agnieszka Behrend

Valid from

8/1/2023 12:00:00 AM

Course type